Egyptian National Railways


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ENR Museum

ENR’s Museum was re-inaugurated in March 2016 to house a collection of historical artifacts telling ENR’s history. The museum was established on October 26, 1932, and, on the occasion of holding the Railways International Conference in January 1933, was open for visitors on January 15, 1933 in Ramses Square to tell the story of trains in Egypt and to be the foundation of a scientific and artistic museum in Egypt. The museum houses among its walls nearly seven hundred models and exhibits besides a set of documents, maps and statistical data, all of which show the development of transport and railways.

The idea tended towards the establishment of a railways museum to be the foundation of an international artistic museum in Egypt on the occasion of holding Railways International Conference in January 1933. It was prepared and opened to receive visitors on January 15, 1933, thus allowing the members of the conference to witness the first railways museum in the East.

The museum houses among its walls approximately seven hundred models, exhibits, and a collection of documents, maps and statistical data, all of which show the development of transport and railways, therefore it is considered a historical technical institute that contains researches and studies concerning the maximum possible knowledge of means of transport in the modern and past eras.

The museum has several artistic sections: some of them display the means of transportation at the dawn of history, especially among ancient Egyptians; there is a three-dimensional model showing how the pharaohs transported a statue weighing sixty tons on a slide using an exquisite geometrical system. Additionally, there are models showing means of transportation in the era of Greeks and Romans, besides others used for simple transportation based on the power of man and animals.

In railways sections, a large group of models are presented explaining the developments of the first locomotives in the world and Egypt. One of them has a historical value as it is the first idea of ​​locomotives that appeared in the world in 1783, another one is for the first locomotive that traveled in Egypt in 1854, and a third that is a mock-up, developed into two parts showing all the internal parts of the locomotive, which is hidden from the eyes. Moreover, there is a large range of models of locomotives, coaches, and various private salons, both old and recent, all of which show the development of the Egyptian railways from its establishment in 1854 until the latest electric diesel locomotives.

In another section, a group of ancient and modern signalling devices shows how locomotives were directed in the past by the human hand and how they developed into a mechanism that directs locomotives in their running along various lines avoiding accidents and dangers, and then proceeded in their development until they became electrical signalling.

Moving to stations and bridges section, we see examples and pictures of a group of old and modern stations and others for some types of railway bridges, including fixed and mobile, showing the steps of their construction, development and history.

 The museum includes a library that contains a large number of historical, technical and statistical volumes and books on transportation and railways in Egypt and abroad.

There is also a complete set of references and stereoscopic and written documents of technical and historical value from which the engineer, student, manufacturer and craftsman as well as researchers besides sciences and arts lovers, benefit. It warms up everyone to know the details of the ancient and modern means of transport.